Tuberculosis (TB) is the most common opportunistic Infection amongst HIV infected Individuals. Over all the risk of developing TB is between 20 to 37 times greater among people living with (PLHIV) than those who do not have the HIV Infections.
TB/HIV cross referrals activities are being carried out with the involvement of District Medical Centres (DMCs) and ICTCs. TB/HIV collaborative activities were started in the year 2001 in the six high prevalence States with the objectives to establish mechanisms for co-ordination between RNTCP & GSACS at State and District level, decrease morbidity and mortality due to tuberculosis among Persons Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHAs), decrease the impact of HIV in tuberculosis patients and provide access to HIV related care and support to HIV infected TB patients. Goa is being identified as one of the 9 high sero-prevalence States and brought under the Intensified TB Package of Services.
Objectivities of TB /HIV Collaborative Activities:
1. To establish mechanisms for Co-ordination between RNTCP & Goa SACS at State and District levels.
2. To decrease morbidity and mortality due to tuberculosis among Persons Living with HIV/AIDS.
3. To decrease the impact of HIV in tuberculosis patients and provide access to HIV related care and support to HIV infected TB patients.
NACP implements intensified case finding (ICF) at all it facilities, whereas RNTCP implements HIV testing of all registered TB patients. These activities are aimed at early detection of HIV infected TB cases and their prompt linkages to ART and Anti Tuberculosis therapy (ATT)
Multi tasking of HIV and TB testing at ICTC and DMC
CBNAAT enable early diagnosis of TB among HIV positive individuals ICTCs are co-locate with CBNAAT facilities.
Ioniazid Prevention therapy (IPT) is being administrated to individuals with latent TB infection in order to prevent to progression to active TB diseases.